江苏快三开奖结果

車內空氣質量 專題

近幾年來,每年的3.15晚會都會曝光一些車內空氣質量江苏快三开奖结果的問題。從低價位的自主品牌到高價位的高端品牌,紛紛中槍。不過這都是零星的報道,還未進入大眾的主要關注視野。

2012年,政協委員李書福先生提交了《關于提升車內空氣質量、防范車內環境污染》的提案,
更是將車內空氣質量推向了全民關注的高峰,普羅大眾都意識到,車內空氣污染問題,已是選
購新車的一個重要考量標準。在此后的2年,各種改善車內空氣質量的新車型,不斷涌現市場。
比如提倡"車內北歐空氣"的沃爾沃的S60L。

車內空氣的4個主要污染源

1、QICHELINGBUJIANHECHENEIZHUANGSHICAILIAOZHONGSUOHANYOUHAIWUZHIDESHIFANG。BAOKUOQICHESHIYONGDESULIAOHEXIANGJIAOBUJIAN、ZHIWU、YOUQITULIAO、BAOWENCAILIAO、ZHANHEJIDENGCAILIAOZHONGHANYOUDEYOUJIRONGJI、ZHUJI、TIANJIAJIDENGHUIFAXINGCHENGFEN,ZAIQICHESHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGSHIFANGDAOCHENEIHUANJING,ZAOCHENGCHENEIKONGQIWURAN。WURANWUZHUYAOYOUBEN、JIABEN、JIAQUAN、TANQINGHUAHEWU、LUDAIJINGDENG,CHENEICAILIAOSHIFANGDEWUZHIHUANSHICHENEINANWENYIWEIDEZHUYAOLAIYUAN。JUDIAOCHA,20SHIJI90NIANDAISHI,WOGUOQICHEPINGJUNSULIAOYONGLIANGZHIYOU14—28GONGJIN/LIANG,ERTONGQIFADAGUOJIAWEI100—130GONGJIN/LIANG,CIHOUSUIZHUCAILIAOJISHUDEJINBUYIJIWEIMANZUJIANGDICHEZHONGDEYAOQIU,QICHESULIAOYONGLIANGBUDUANZENGJIA。MUQIANSULIAOYONGLIANGYIJIEJIN80GONGJIN/LIANG,ZHANHEJIDEYONGLIANGYEDADAO5—27GONGJIN/LIANG。

汽車內飾材料影響車內空氣質量

 

2、CHEWAIDEWURANWUJINRUCHENEI。RUGUOMIFENGBUYAN,WAIJIEHUANJINGDEWURANWUJIANGJINRUCHENEIHUANJING,ZAOCHENGCHENEIKONGQIWURAN。WURANWUZHUYAOYOUTANQINGHUAHEWU、YIYANGHUATAN、ERYANGHUALIU、DANYANGHUAWU、KELIWUDENG。ZAIDAQIWURANZUIWEIYANZHONGDE2013NIAN,ZAIBEIJINGRENRENCHUMENDAIKOUZHAO,YIZHIYUKOUZHAOTUOXIAO,MOUPINPAIQICHEYESHUNSHIERWEIDACHULE"CHENEISHIBEIOU,CHEWAISHIBEIJING",KEJIANZAIGUONEIDETEDACHENGSHI,KONGQIWURANDUOMEDEYANZHONG。

大氣污染影響車內空氣質量

 

江苏快三开奖结果3、QICHEZISHENPAIFANGDEWURANWUJINRUCHENEIHUANJING。RUQICHEFADONGJI,QIYOURANSHAOBUCHONGFENCHANSHENGDETANQINGHUAHEWU、ERYANGHUALIU(SO2)、QIANHUAHEWU、BENBING(a)BIDENGYOUHAIWUZHI,BAOKUOTONGGUOPAIQIGUAN、QUZHOUXIANG、RANYOUZHENGFADENGTUJINGPAIFANGDEWURANWU;HUOCHENEIKONGDIAOCHANGQISHIYONGHOUFENGDAONEIJILEIDEWUWUDUICHENEIKONGQIZAOCHENGWURAN。WURANWUZHUYAOYOUTANQINGHUAHEWU、YIYANGHUATAN、DANYANGHUAWU、WEISHENGWU、BEN、XIJING、FANGXIANGJINGDENG。ZHEXIEWURANWU,JIEDUICHEZHUDEJIANKANGGOUCHENGYANZHONGWEIXIE。

汽車發動機燃燒不充分影響車內空氣質量   汽車空調循環污染車內空氣

 

4,YIXIERENXIHUANZAICHELIPENSAXIANGSHUI,YONGYIZHEGAICHENEIYIWEI,QISHIHENDUOXIANGSHUISHIHUAXUEHECHENGWU,BENSHENJIUHANYOUHAIWUZHI,HUIJIAZHONGWURAN,ERQIEXIANGSHUIYEWUFAXIAOCHUJIAQUANDENGDEWEIHAI。YIBANLAIJIANG,CHENEIZHUANGSHIYUEDUO,CHANSHENGKONGQIWURANDEKENENGXINGYUEDA。

汽車香水二次污染影響車內空氣質量

 

車內空氣污染源總結

江苏快三开奖结果TONGGUOYISHANGJIDIANKEZHI,CHENEIKONGQIWURANYUANYUANBUZHIGONGZHONGSHUXIDEJIAQUAN,HUANYOUGEZHONGBENXIWU、TANQINGHUAHEWUDENGDUIRENTIJIANKANGZAOCHENGYANZHONGWEIXIEDEDUOZHONGWUZHI。WEICI,JIEJUECHENEIKONGQIZHILIANGWENTI,RENZHONGERDAOYUAN。

有機物 無機物

甲苯
二甲苯
乙苯
甲醛
乙醛
丙烯醛
丙酮
苯乙烯
苯并(a)芘
一氧化碳(CO)
二氧化硫
鹵代烴
鉛化物
顆粒物
微生物

 

世界各國車內空氣質量標準法規概述

目前車內空氣質量檢測,主要檢測有機物的濃度,世界其他各國對于車內空氣質量標準的要求不一,雖然目前還沒有一個統一的標準,但是目前都以保護消費者健康為標準。詳見下表

國家 要求 備注
美國

江苏快三开奖结果MEIGUOHUANBAOJUYAOQIUQICHEZHIZAOCHANGSUOSHIYONGDECAILIAOBIXUSHENBAO,BINGBIXUJINGGUOHUANBAOBUMENSHENCHAYIQUEBAODUIHUANJINGHERENTIWEIHAICHENGDUDADAOZUIDIDIANHOUCAINENGSHIYONG。

SHENBAOZHEYIDANWEIFANGUIDING,JIANGFUDANJUEDEFAKUAN,HUANYAOZHAOHUICHANPINQINGLIWURAN,ZHUYAOFUZERENSHENZHIHUIBEIPANXING。

德國

江苏快三开奖结果(1)QICHEBENSHEN、ZHUANGZAICHENEIDESULIAOPEIJIAN、DITAN、CHEDINGZHAN、SHAFADENGXUFUHEDEGUO“LANTIANSHI”HUANBAOBIAOZHIDEYAOQIU。(2)CHENEIZHUANGSHI,ZUOTAODIAN、JIAOZHANJIDENGZHUANGSHICAILIAOHANYOUDEBEN、JIAQUAN、BINGTONG、ERJIABENDENGBIXUDIYU“DEGUOSANJICHENEIHUANBAOBIAOZHUN”,BIRUCHENEIJIAQUANHANLIANGBUNENGCHAOGUO0.08mg/m3。(3)QICHEXIAOSHOUQIANHUANBIXUJINGGUOYOUDUKONGQISHIFANGQI。

DEGUOGULISHIYONGTIANCHUANG。DEGUOQICHEFEICHANGZHONGSHICHENEIKONGQIJINGHUAQIDEPEIBEI,SHIYONGFENGWOHUILIUSHIDEKONGQIJINGHUAQIXIAOGUOGENGMINGXIAN。

日本

RIBENJIDONGCHEXIEHUI(JAMA)2005NIANFABULE《XIAOJIAOCHECHENEIKONGQIWURANZHILIZHINAN》,GAIZHINANYEFABULEJAMAJIANYIDECESHIFANGFA,ZAI40°CDEZHUANGTAIXIACELIANGJIAQUANPAIFANG,RANHOUKAIQIKONGDIAO,KONGZHIMUBIAOSHI25°C,ZAIGAIZHUANGTAIXIACELIANGVOCsPAIFANG。

RIBENQICHECHANGSHANGKAIFALECHUJUNGONGNENGDEXINXINGQICHEKONGDIAODENG,ZAICHUCHANGQIAN,HUANYOUZHUANRENZHENDUI“CHENEIWEIDAO”JINXINGGANGUANPINGJIA。

韓國

江苏快三开奖结果2007NIAN6YUE5RI,HANGUOJIANSHEBUBANBULE“XINGUIZHIZUOQICHEDESHINEIKONGQIZHILIANGGUANLIBIAOZHUN”,GAIGUANLIBIAOZHUNGUIDINGLEXINSHENGCHANCHEDEHUIFAXINGWURANWUPAIFANGJIANCEFANGFAHEBIAOZHUN。

GAODANGCHEYIBANPEIBEIAQSKONGQIZHILIANGCHUANGANQI,YIDANCHEWAIDEKONGQIZHILIANGCHAOBIAO,AQSHUIZIDONGQIEDUANFENGMEN,ZUZHIFEIQILIURUCHENEI。

俄羅斯

ZAI1999NIANZHIDINGBINGSHISHILEP51206-98HAO“CHELIANGCHENEIWURANWUPINGJIABIAOZHUNJIFANGFA”DEGUOJIABIAOZHUN。

DUIJIASHISHIZHONGDECONONO2C3H4ODEZUIGAONONGDUFENBIEZUOCHUXIANZHI,YIKONGZHICHENEIKONGQIDEWURAN。

澳大利亞

江苏快三开奖结果BACHENEIHUANJINGLIEWEISHINEIHUANJING,ZAIZHIDINGJIANKANGBIAOZHUNSHI,BACHENEIHUANJINGHEBANGONGSHI、JIAOSHIDENGBINGLIE。

 

中國

FABU《CHENGYONGCHENEIKONGQIZHILIANGPINGJIAZHINAN》TUIJIANBIAOZHUN。ZHEXIANGBIAOZHUNZHONG,GUIDINGLEBEN、JIABEN、ERJIABEN、YIBEN、BENYIXI、JIAQUAN、YIQUAN、BINGXIQUANZHE8ZHONGWUZHIDENONGDUYAOQIU。TASHIYONGYUXINCHE,SHIYONGZHONGDECHELIANGYEKECANZHAO。

CIBIAOZHUNZAIZHIDINGSHICANKAOLEGUOWAIBIAOZHUN,DANBUJIOUMENG、BEIMEIDENGDIQUYANGE。

 

TONGGUOYISHANGSHUJUKEZHI,MUQIANGUONEIDUIYUCHENEIKONGQIZHILIANGYUDEGUO、MEIGUODENGFADAGUOJIAHUANYOUJIAODADECHAJU,WOGUOZHUYAOKONGZHIZHENGCHEDEBUFENWURANWUZHIBIAO,ERDUIYUQICHEZHIZAOZHONGSHIYONGDECAILIAOFANGMIAN,WEIZUOMINGQUEGUIDING。

我國車內空氣質量國家標準

WOGUOCHENEIKONGQIZHILIANGGUOJIABIAOZHUNZHUYAOCANKAOOUMENGHEMEIGUODESHUJUZHIDING,DANSHIBUJIOUMEIDUIYUCHENEIKONGQIZHILIANGYAOQIUYANGE,XIANGJIANXIABIAO:

單位:mg/m3
序號 項目 濃度要求
1 ≤0.11
2 甲苯 ≤1.10
3 二甲苯 ≤1.50
4 乙苯 ≤1.50
5 苯乙烯 ≤0.26
6 甲醛 ≤0.10
7 乙醛 ≤0.05
8 丙烯醛 ≤0.05

 

行動:部分企業自主提高車內空氣質量

江苏快三开奖结果SUIRANWOGUOHUANMEIYOUXIANGMEIGUO、DEGUONEIYANG,CONGQICHEZHIZAOGUOCHENGZHONGDECAILIAO、LINGBUJIANFANGMIANZHEMEXIZHIDEKONGZHICHENEIKONGQIZHILIANGDEBIAOZHUN,DANSHIRUZHIMINGQICHECHANGSHANGWOERWO、CAILIAOCHANGSHANGJINHURILIDENG,YIJINGCONGKAISHIANZHAOOUMEIBIAOZHUNLAICONGYUANTOUSHIXIANKONGZHICHENEIKONGQIZHILIANG。

 

江苏快三开奖结果BIRUWOERWOQICHE,TUICHUDES60L,SHOUXIANSHISHUIRONGXINGGEYINCAILIAO,CONGERCHEDIBIMIANLECHUANTONGLIQINGGEYINCAILIAODEYOUHAIQITIWURAN。QICISHIIAQSCHENEIKONGQIZHILIANGKONGZHIXITONG,KEZIDONGJIANCECHENEIKONGQIZHILIANG,BINGKONGZHIKONGDIAOJINQILIANG。YIJIHUANBAONEISHICAILIAODEXUANZE,SHIXIANLECHENEI“BEIOUBANDEKONGQI”。

江苏快三开奖结果YOUZHUZHONGHANHEZIBEIJINGDECAILIAOCHANGSHANGJINHURILI,YETUICHULEDIVOCDISANFADEQICHEHUANBAONEISHICAILIAO,CONGCAILIAOPEIFANGKAISHIYANGEKONGZHIYOUJIWUDESANFA,BINGFUYIZHENKONGBAOZHUANG,DAFUTIGAOLECAILIAODEHUANBAOXINGNENG,YIYINGYONGZAIZHULIUQICHECHEXINGSHANG。

 

YOUYUANJIANDEZHUJICHANGHECAILIAOCHANGSHANGYIJINGJIJIXINGDONGQILAILE,WEILEGAISHANCHENEIKONGQIZHILIANGERNULI,TONGSHIYESHIYINGDEXIAOFEIZHERENTONGDEYIJILIANGYAO。WEICI,YUELAIYUEDUODEZHUJICHANGHECAILIAOCHANGSHANGYIJINGGENJIN,XIANGXINZAIBUJIU,YEJIUSHI《CHENGYONGCHENEIKONGQIZHILIANGPINGJIAZHINAN》QIANGZHISHISHIDENEIYITIAN,XINCHUCHANGDEQICHEJIANGHUIYIQUANXINDEZITAIYINGJIEXIAOFEIZHE。

 

對于已購車的車主,如何改善車內空氣質量?

江苏快三开奖结果SUIRANWOGUOMEIYOUDEGUOQIANGZHIGUIDINGDECHELIANGXIAOSHOUQIANBIXUYOUYOUDUKONGQISHIFANGQI,XIAMIANSHIYIXIETUIJIANFANGFA,NENGGOUZAIXIANYOUDEQINGKUANGXIABANGZHUCHEZHUGAISHANYIXIACHENEIKONGQIZHILIANG。

名稱 處理措施 實例效果
通風法 應經常打開車門喚起,如有天窗,鼓勵經常使用天窗 汽車天窗通風換氣提升車內空氣質量
竹炭法 竹炭能夠吸附空氣中的甲醛等部分有害物質 汽車用竹炭凈化車內空氣
凈化器 在車內備一個空氣凈化器,定期凈化空氣 車內空氣凈化器凈化車內空氣

 

更多改善現有汽車車內空氣質量請見十六妙招還你清新車內空氣

 

筆者小記:筆者衷心的希望我國的《乘用車內空氣質量評價指南》能夠早日成為《乘用車內空氣質量評價標準》,強制實施,從原材料、零部件方面各個環節細化控制車內空氣污染的問題,嚴格守護消費者的健康。同時這也會提升整個中國汽車制造業水平,對于中國汽車走向世界,將具有巨大的推動力。